Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally. It was one of the first cultivated grains, particularly in Eurasia as early as 10,000 years ago. ... It is used in soups and stews, and in barley bread of various cultures. Barley is a cereal grain that people can use in bread, beverages, stews, and other dishes. As a whole grain, barley provides fiber, vitamins, and minerals 9 Impressive Health Benefits of Barley Rich in Many Beneficial Nutrients. ... Reduces Hunger and May Help You Lose Weight. ... Insoluble and Soluble Fiber Content Improves Digestion. ... May Prevent Gallstones and Reduce Your Risk of Gallbladder Surgery. ... Beta-Glucans May Help Lower Cholesterol. ... May Reduce Heart Disease Risk.